22 types of honey bees found in the world

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Honey bees are a diverse group of bees known for their role in pollination and honey production. Here are 22 types of honey bees found around the world:

  1. Apis mellifera: Also known as the Western honey bee or European honey bee, it is the most commonly domesticated species used for honey production and pollination.
  2. Apis cerana: The Asian honey bee, native to southern and southeastern Asia, is known for its resistance to certain diseases and pests.
  3. Apis dorsata: The giant honey bee, found in Southeast Asia, builds large, exposed honeycombs on tree limbs and cliffs.
  4. Apis florea: The dwarf honey bee, native to southern and southeastern Asia, constructs small, single-comb nests in bushes and trees.
  5. Apis andreniformis: Another dwarf honey bee species, found in Southeast Asia, closely related to Apis florea and sharing similar nesting habits.
  6. Apis laboriosa: The Himalayan giant honey bee, known for building nests at high altitudes in the Himalayas.
  7. Apis koschevnikovi: Koschevnikov’s honey bee, native to Borneo and parts of Southeast Asia, known for its reddish-brown color.
  8. Apis nigrocincta: Found in the Philippines and parts of Indonesia, this species is similar to Apis cerana but with distinctive black bands on its abdomen.
  9. Apis nuluensis: Native to the highlands of Borneo, this species is closely related to Apis cerana and Apis nigrocincta.
  10. Apis mellifera scutellata: Known as the African honey bee, this subspecies is noted for its aggressive behavior and high productivity.
  11. Apis mellifera ligustica: The Italian honey bee, a popular domesticated subspecies known for its gentle temperament and productivity.
  12. Apis mellifera carnica: The Carniolan honey bee, another popular domesticated subspecies, known for its gentleness, winter hardiness, and ability to rapidly expand its colony size.
  13. Apis mellifera caucasia: The Caucasian honey bee, native to the Caucasus Mountains, known for its long tongue, which allows it to access nectar from deep flowers.
  14. Apis mellifera capensis: The Cape honey bee, native to South Africa, has unique reproductive abilities, such as the ability of worker bees to produce female offspring.
  15. Apis mellifera adansonii: Found in West Africa, this subspecies is well adapted to tropical climates and known for its high resistance to diseases and pests.
  16. Apis mellifera anatoliaca: The Anatolian honey bee, native to Turkey, known for its hardiness and adaptability to different climates.
  17. Apis mellifera syriaca: The Syrian honey bee, adapted to the arid climates of the Middle East, known for its ability to withstand high temperatures.
  18. Apis mellifera iberiensis: The Iberian honey bee, found in Spain and Portugal, known for its resilience and adaptability to different environments.
  19. Apis mellifera intermissa: The North African honey bee, native to the Maghreb region, known for its adaptation to dry and hot climates.
  20. Apis mellifera jemenitica: Found in the Arabian Peninsula and parts of Africa, this subspecies is well adapted to hot, arid environments.
  21. Apis mellifera sahariensis: The Saharan honey bee, native to the oases of the Sahara Desert, known for its ability to survive in extreme conditions.
  22. Apis mellifera lamarckii: The Egyptian honey bee, native to the Nile Valley, known for its small size and high resistance to Varroa mites.

These types of honey bees demonstrate the diversity and adaptability of this important group of insects, each with unique traits and behaviors suited to their specific environments.

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